Hyperventilation in Military Aviation and Diving


Hamzeh Shahali 1 , * , Azadeh Amirabadi farahani 2

1 Resident, Aerospace and Diving Medical Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

2 Andorra

How to Cite: Shahali H, Amirabadi farahani A. Hyperventilation in Military Aviation and Diving, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2012 ; 10(4):e68144.


Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 10 (4); e68144
Published Online: November 07, 2012
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 20, 2012
Accepted: October 07, 2012


Background: The most important risk of aviation( in altitude over 10 thousand feet) and sub aquatic seafaring (in depth exceed over 30 meters) is hyperventilation. The problems manifested itself at first and especially second world war when pilots flew at altitude over 10 thousand feet. Those pilots had some signs and symptoms while faced mental and physical stresses that eventuated in aircraft crash.

Material and Methods: This study collected related data from several books, articles and knowledge about military and civil aviation.

Results: Etiology of hyperventilation is related to stressing (mental and physical problems) such as ambient changes (temperature, pressure and, etc), face to emergency situations, physiological and mental changes and, etc. Signs and symptoms were different in everyone this manifestations cause from motor and sensory impairment, psychomotor, cognitive, neuromuscular, consciousness and death. These risks are more important in military aviation due to highest performance and in seafaring because stresses in the work.

Conclusion: The astronauts, air crews, sea crews and athletics always have consciousness and higher performance. Thus informing them about hyperventilation and its complications, prevention and treatment for population are necessary.


© 2012, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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