Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Hippocampus


Asghar Rajabzadeh 1 , *

1 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

How to Cite: Rajabzadeh A. Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Hippocampus, Arch Neurosci. 2019 ; 6(Brain Mapping):e67999. doi: 10.5812/ans.67999.


Archives of Neuroscience: 6 (Brain Mapping); e67999
Published Online: October 7, 2018
Article Type: Letter
Received: February 26, 2018
Revised: September 8, 2018
Accepted: September 26, 2018

Dear Editor,

Electromagnetic fields (EMFs), physical energy, are non-ionic waves with speed, frequency, wavelength, and amplitude characteristics, emitted by electrical machines and industry equipments. According to frequency, these fields are divided to low, intermediate, high, and static radiations. In previous studies, it has been claimed that EMFs (duration of exposure) have noxious outcomes on biological systems of humans and rodent, based on frequency and other properties (1, 2). Most researches have been done on EMFs and central nervous systems (CNS) with different exposures involved in vital portions (3, 4).

Hippocampus formations, as the main compartment of the limbic system, are principal members of CNS at emotional, behaviors, memory, and regulating of endocrine systems, which could be one of the high sensitive portions to EMFs waves. According to previous studies, it is estimated that EMFs have remarkable effects on neurological compartments (5). A previous study by the current authors showed that 30 mT electromagnetic fields has negative impacts on rat's hippocampus (6). Increased free radicals and created oxidative stress via EMFs waves may be one of the most important reasons (7). This condition leads to promotion of cell's apoptosis pathway in the main parts of hippocampus, such as the dentate gyrus (6).

The EMFs have a potential role in the starting of intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptotic process. Breaking of DNA in brain's cells, chromosome abnormalities, genetic mutations, intracellular enzymes dysfunction, and altered expression level of neurotransmitters in various parts of the brain are side effects of electromagnetic fields (8, 9). Furthermore, it is assumed that EMFs have a major effect on high metabolic and proliferative organs, such as hippocampus formations. The produced free radicals in the hippocampus and similar structures can be defined as sensitive organs to EMFs (Figure 1).

However, in addition to some researches on the relationship between electromagnetic fields and CNS, there is no suitable strategy to remove electrical devices in the society's life style. In this case, general global designs should be made in order to prevent abnormal births and the risk of neurological disorders.

Figure 1. Possible significant pathway of EMFs effects on hippocampus

High production of free radicals as a result of EMFs waves may have important effects on the hippocampus, which leads to genetic mutation, DNA breakage, and apoptosis in the cell's lineage.


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