Fever in Patients with HIV Infection in a Teaching Hospital in Iran


Negin Esmailpour 1 , * , Mehrnaz Rasooli Nejad 1 , Rahim Badrfam 1 , Payam Ghazi 1 , Atefeh Zandifar 1 , Parastoo Kheirandish 1 , Banafsheh Moradmand Badie 1 , Shirin Afhami 1

1 Iranian Research Center of HIV/AIDS (IRCHA), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Esmailpour N, Rasooli Nejad M, Badrfam R, Ghazi P, Zandifar A, et al. Fever in Patients with HIV Infection in a Teaching Hospital in Iran, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 5(3):121-5.


Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 5 (3); 121-5
Article Type: Research Article


Background: Fever, is a common sign during the course of HIV infection. The aim of this study was to describe the etiology and clinical characteristics of fever among HIV/AIDS patients in a teaching hospital in Iran.

Patients and Methods: In this existing data study, we retrospectively reviewed the charts of admitted HIV/AIDS patients with fever to Imam Khomeini hospital, from October 1995 to March 2005 to assess the causes of their fever.

Results: Totally, 125 admissions were performed for 120 patients. The mean (SD) age was 34.8 14.7 years. The final diagnosis of fever was determined in 65.6% of all admissions. Mostly (34.4%), the cause of fever remained undiagnosed. Pulmonary tuberculosis was the most commonly identified etiology of fever (33.6%), followed by opportunistic infections such as oral candidiasis, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia and cerebral toxoplasmosis.

Conclusion: Tuberculosis is the most common infection in Iranian HIV/AIDS patients and appropriate workup should be considered in all feverish HIV/AIDS patients.

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