A Study on Isolation and Molecular Identification of Bordetella avium from Iranian Commercial and Backyard Broiler Turkeys within 2016-2018

AUTHORS

M. Ehsan 1 , M. Hassanzadeh 1 , * , A. Barrin 2 , M. H. Bozorgmehri Fard 1 , M. Askari Badouei 3 , A. Ghalyanchilangeroudi 4 , L. Temple 5 , S. Turkyilmaz 6

1 Department of Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

4 Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

5 School of Integrated Sciences, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, United States

6 Department of Medical Microbiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey

How to Cite: Ehsan M, Hassanzadeh M, Barrin A, Bozorgmehri Fard M H, Askari Badouei M, et al. A Study on Isolation and Molecular Identification of Bordetella avium from Iranian Commercial and Backyard Broiler Turkeys within 2016-2018, Arch Razi Inst. 2020 ; 75(2):e106917. doi: 10.22092/ari.2019.124680.1285.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 75 (2); 179-186
Published Online: June 01, 2020
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 27, 2020
Accepted: February 10, 2019
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Abstract

Bordetellosis or turkey coryza, caused by Bordetella avium, has been an issue for turkey industry since its first description in 1967 when it was reported for the first time. Bordetella avium causes a highly contagious upper respiratory disease in turkeys. Therefore, this study aimed to isolate and characterize this species from commercial and backyard turkeys in Tehran, Isfahan, and Northern provinces of Iran. For the purpose of the study, 625 tracheal swabs were taken from 425 commercial poults and 200 backyard poults aged 2-6 weeks from September 2016 to September 2018. The swabs were immediately plated on MacConkey and blood agar plates and then pooled (5 swabs/pool) in tubes, containing 2 mL distilled water, to perform direct polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the identification of B. avium. A total of 17 swab pools were found to be positive for B. avium. A subset of seven positive samples were sequenced for the flanking region of piuA gene. The analysis of the sequences indicated that the sequences were 98%, 96%, and 98% similar to B. avium 197N (AM167904.1), 4142 (AY925058.1), and 4156 (AY925068.1) sequences, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first attempt toward the molecular detection and characterization of B. avium in Iran. It is highly recommended to perform further studies to isolate, characterize, and differentiate the regional isolates in order to help the developing turkey industry of Iran meet the increasing demands for protein in the diet of the citizenry.

© 2020, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute.

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