Static Stretching of the Hamstring Muscle for Injury Prevention in Football Codes: a Systematic Review


Slavko Rogan 2 , * , Dirk Wst 3 , Thomas Schwitter 4 , Dietmar Schmidtbleicher 5

2 AfiPT, Akademie fr integrative Physiotherapie und Trainingslehre, Grenzach-Wyhlen, Germany

3 Football Club Basel, Basel, Switzerland

4 University of Physiotherapy, Thim van der Laan, Landquart, Switzerland

5 Goethe-University, Institute of Sport Sciences, Frankfurt/Main, Germany

How to Cite: Rogan S, Wst D, Schwitter T, Schmidtbleicher D. Static Stretching of the Hamstring Muscle for Injury Prevention in Football Codes: a Systematic Review, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 4(1):34519. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34519.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 4 (1); 1-9
Published Online: November 19, 2012
Article Type: Review Article
Received: June 11, 2012
Accepted: November 9, 2012


Purpose: Hamstring injuries are common among football players. There is still disagreement regarding prevention. The aim of this review is to determine whether static stretching reduces hamstring injuries in football codes.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted on the online databases PubMed, PEDro, Cochrane, Web of Science, Bisp and Clinical Trial register. Study results were presented descriptively and the quality of the studies assessed were based on Cochrane's risk of bias tool.

Results: The review identified 35 studies, including four analysis studies. These studies show deficiencies in the quality of study designs.

Conclusion: The study protocols are varied in terms of the length of intervention and follow-up. No RCT studies are available, however, RCT studies should be conducted in the near future.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.