Risk Factors of Adolescent Obesity in Taiwan and Its Association with Physical activity, Blood Pressure and Waist Circumference

AUTHORS

Yi-Chun Chou 2 , * , Jen-Sheng Pei 1

2 Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

1 Department of Pediatrics, Taoyuan General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

How to Cite: Chou Y, Pei J. Risk Factors of Adolescent Obesity in Taiwan and Its Association with Physical activity, Blood Pressure and Waist Circumference, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 1(4):34830. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34830.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 1 (4); 214-222
Published Online: November 30, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 22, 2010
Accepted: October 25, 2010
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Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate risk factors of obesity and its associated health problems in adolescence in Taiwan.

Methods: We enrolled 559 adolescent volunteers with equal numbers of females and males in 2008. Participants were divided into two groups: obese (body mass index [BMI] ?95th percentile) and normal-weight adolescents (BMI: 15th ? 85th percentile). Each of them completed a questionnaire about lifestyle and parents stature.

Results: Obese mother had high likelihood of having obese girls and boys (P=0.001). Obese girls spent more time in watching TV (P=0.03) and had higher frequency of having sweetened soft drinks (P=0.016) than normal-weight group. Girls spent more time in TV watching associated higher frequency of having sweetened soft drinks (P=0.012). In boys, this associated with higher frequency of eating snick (P=0.018) and larger waist circumference (P=0.011). Boys who had more frequent effective exercise had lower frequency of eating outside (P=0.01) and more services of vegetables (P=0.002). There was no relation between hypertension and adolescent physical activity. Regardless of gender, obese group had higher waist circumference and blood pressure than normal-weight group (P<0.001).

Conclusion: There was a strong association between obese mother and adolescent obesity. More physical activity in adolescents associated with healthier dietary behaviors. Obese adolescents have higher waist circumference and blood pressure.

© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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