Anthropometric Characteristics and Physical Performance of Colombian Elite Male Wrestlers


Robinson Ramirez-Velez 1 , * , Rodrigo Argothyd 2 , Jose Francisco Meneses-Echavez 1 , Maria Beatriz Sanchez-Puccini 2 , Carlos Alejandro Lopez-Alban 3 , Daniel Dylan Cohen 4

1 GICAEDS Group, Faculty of Physical Culture, Sports and Recreation, University of Santo Tomas, Bogota DC, Colombia

2 Physical Therapy Program, Faculty of Health, University of Manuela Beltran, Bogota DC, Colombia

3 Center for Research in Health and Human Performance Health and Fitness ZOE Quality of life, Cali, Colombia

4 Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Santander (UDES), Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia

How to Cite: Ramirez-Velez R, Argothyd R, Meneses-Echavez J F, Beatriz Sanchez-Puccini M, Lopez-Alban C A, et al. Anthropometric Characteristics and Physical Performance of Colombian Elite Male Wrestlers, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 5(4):23810. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.23810.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 5 (4); 23810
Published Online: October 31, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 14, 2013
Accepted: February 14, 2014


Background: Wrestling was an important part of the ancient Olympic Games and is still one of the most popular events of the modern Olympic Games. Studies indicate that general physiologic profile of successful wrestlers is high anaerobic power and capacity, muscular strength, above average aerobic power, exceptional flexibility, fat free mass, and a mesomorphic somatotype.

Objectives: The objective of the present study was to evaluate anthropometric characteristics and physical performance of elite male wrestlers.

Patients and Methods: The Colombian Wrestling Team was evaluated while in preparation for the Olympic Games (n = 21; age, 27.9 6.7 years). Athletes were tested on anthropometric and fitness parameters: body composition, somatotype distribution according to Heath-Carter, aerobic capacity, vertical jump, and anaerobic power.

Results: The evaluations showed a mean body fat percentage of 13.6% 3.0% (95% CI, 12.2%-15%), muscle mass of 46.4% 2.2% (95% CI, 45.4%-47.4%), Ponderal index of 41.0 1.8 (95% CI, 40.2-41.8), body adiposity index (BAI) 25.1 3.6 (95% CI, 23.5-26.8), and somatotype distribution mesomorphic-ectomorph (5.3-1.6-3.8). Mean aerobic capacity was 45.9 6.6 mL/kg/min (95% CI, 42.8-48.9), vertical jump was 36.4 6.6 cm (95% CI, 11.8-16.6), and anaerobic power was 92.6 19.5 kg/s (95% CI, 83.7-101.5).

Conclusions: These results provided a profile of elite wrestlers that could be used as training targets for developing athletes. The results may also provide information for training and tactical planning.

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