Fatalities Among Iranian High-altitude Outdoor Enthusiasts: Causes and Mechanisms


Ramin Kordi 1 , Mohsen Rostami 1 , Pedram Heidari 2 , Sanaz Ameli 3 , Lotfali Foroughifard 1 , Mahboobeh Kordi 1 , *

1 Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Center for Translational Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA

3 Noorafshar Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Hospital, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Kordi R, Rostami M, Heidari P, Ameli S, Foroughifard L, et al. Fatalities Among Iranian High-altitude Outdoor Enthusiasts: Causes and Mechanisms, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 3(4):34553. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34553.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 3 (4); 285-290
Published Online: November 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 15, 2012
Accepted: September 15, 2012


Purpose: This study was performed to determine the possible causes and mechanisms of fatalities among Iranian mountaineers during climbing.

Methods: By contacting several sources, deceased mountaineers were identified. Data about the causes and mechanism of death was retrospectively obtained using a standard questionnaire for each case.

Results: A total of 29 deaths were identified from March 2006 to June 2010. Deceased subjects had a mean age of 39 years (SD: 12.8, Range: 20-67). Falling was the most common accident leading to death of outdoor enthusiasts (n = 14, 48%). Asphyxia (n = 6, 24%) was the most common cause of death among the subjects, followed by heart attack, internal bleeding, cerebral hemorrhage and hypothermia (17%, 17%, 17% and 10%, respectively).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that education of medical service providers of the climbing groups on facing victims in high altitude areas, where they have limited resources, can be particularly helpful. In addition, a national program to educate mountaineers might help to reduce fatalities.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.