Role of Biofeedback in Optimizing Psychomotor Performance in Sports


Maman Paul , *

How to Cite: Paul M. Role of Biofeedback in Optimizing Psychomotor Performance in Sports, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):34722. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34722.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 3 (1); 34722
Published Online: February 29, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 2, 2011
Accepted: September 24, 2011


Purpose: Biofeedback is an emerging tool to acquire and facilitate physiological and psychological domains of the human body like response time and concentration. Thus, the present study aims at determining the reconstitution of psychomotor and performance skills in basketball players through biofeedback training.

Methods: Basketball players (N=30) with different levels of expertise (university, state and national) aged 18-28 years (both male and female) were randomly divided into 3 equal groups - Experimental group, Placebo group and Control group. The experimental group received Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback training for 10 consecutive days for 20 minutes that included breathing at individual's resonant frequency through a pacing stimulus; Placebo group was shown motivational video clips for 10 consecutive days for 10 minutes, whereas Control group was not given any intervention. At session 1, 10 and 1month follow up, heart rate variability, respiration rate, response time (reaction and movement time), concentration and shooting performance were assessed.

Results: Two way repeated measure ANOVA was used to simultaneously compare within and between group differences. Response time, concentration, heart rate variability, respiration rate and shooting differences were statistically significant in each group along with interaction of group and time (P<0.001). Also, all the measures showed statistically significant inter group difference (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The results of the study suggest that biofeedback training may help to train stressed athletes to acquire a control over their psychophysiological processes, thus helping an athlete to perform maximally.

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