The Effect of Cryotherapy on the Normal Ankle Joint Position Sense


Roya khanmohammadi 1 , * , Marjan Someh 2 , Farahnaze Ghafarinejad 2

1 Rehabilitation faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation faculty, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: khanmohammadi R, Someh M, Ghafarinejad F. The Effect of Cryotherapy on the Normal Ankle Joint Position Sense, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 2(2):34785. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34785.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (2); 91-98
Published Online: May 31, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 20, 2010
Accepted: April 20, 2011


Purpose: To determine whether a fifteen-minute water immersion treatment affects the normal ankle joint position sense (JPS) at the middle range of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion actively and passively.

Methods: Thirty healthy female volunteers aged between 18 and 30 years were treated by a 15-minute cryotherapy (6 1C). The subject's skin temperature over antromedial aspect of dominant ankle was measured by the Mayomed device before, immediate and 15 minutes after water immersion. Ankle JPS was tested trough the pedal goniometer at 3 stages similar to the skin temperature. ANOVA (? = 0.05) was performed on each of variables using SPSS 19.0 software.

Results: Skin temperature was seen to decrease after water immersion but subjects did not return to pre-test skin temperature after 15 minutes (P<0.001). The research found no significant difference in JPS at middle range of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion actively and passively before and after cryotherapy.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that 15-minute water immersion at 6C dose not significantly alter the middle range of plantar flexion/ dorsiflexion JPS at the ankle and is not deleterious to JPS.

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