Effect of Selected Exercises on Elementary School Third Grade Girl Students'' Motor Development


Sabah Bakhtiari 1 , * , Parvaneh Shafinia 1 , Vahid Ziaee 2

1 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

2 Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Bakhtiari S, Shafinia P, Ziaee V. Effect of Selected Exercises on Elementary School Third Grade Girl Students'' Motor Development, Asian J Sports Med. 2011 ; 2(1):e93491. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34826.


Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (1); e93491
Published Online: March 01, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 13, 2019
Accepted: January 11, 2014


Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of selected exercises on motor development in elementary school third-grade girl students in Ahwaz City, Iran.

Methods: The present study was semi-experimental, performed as field and using experimental and control groups. The statistical population included all third-grade girl students of elementary schools of Ahwaz city (10,500 subjects). Forty of whom were randomly selected (cluster stage) and then were divided randomly into two experimental (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.49) and control (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.48) groups. The experimental group was given training for eight weeks, 3 sessions per week and each session lasting 45 minutes. To measure motor development, the Test of Gross Motor Development, edition 2 (TGMD 2; 2002) was applied. Statistical analysis was performed using an independent t-test and paired t-test.

Results: The results showed statistically significant differences between control and experimental groups regarding locomotion skills (8.433, P<0.05), manipulation skills (10.951, P<0.001) and overall motor development (13.203, P<0.001). In fact, selected exercises impacted on the motor development of subjects and led to their motor development progress.

Conclusions: The selected exercises can be used as an appropriate plan to improve motor skill development in the third grade of elementary school.



  • 1.

    The references are available in PDF file.

  • © 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.