Reliability and Validity of Objective Structured Clinical Examination for Residents of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Nasrin Jalilian 1 , Reza Pourmirza Kalhori 2 , * , Mansour Rezaei 3 , Nahid Jalilian 4

1 Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Emergency Medicine, School of Paramedics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Education Development Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Jalilian N , Pourmirza Kalhori R , Rezaei M , Jalilian N . Reliability and Validity of Objective Structured Clinical Examination for Residents of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Educ Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 1(2):e77190.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 1 (2); e77190
Published Online: December 17, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 15, 2012
Accepted: December 17, 2012
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Introduction: Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is used for the evaluation of the clinical competence in medicine for which it is essential to measure validity and reliability. This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of OSCE for residents of obstetrics and gynecology at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2011.

Methods: A descriptive-correlation study was designed and the data of OSCE for obstetrics and gynecology were collected via learning behavior checklists in method stations and multiple choice questions in question stations. The data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha, using SPSS software (version 16). To determine the criterion validity, correlation of OSCE scores with scores of resident promotion test, direct observation of procedural skills, and theoretical knowledge was determined; for reliability, however, Cronbach's alpha was used. Total sample consisted of 25 participants taking part in 14 stations. P value of less than 0.05 was considered as significant.

Results: The mean OSCE scores was 22.66 (±6.85). Criterion validity of the stations with resident promotion theoretical test, first theoretical knowledge test, second theoretical knowledge, and direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) was 0.97, 0.74, 0.49, and 0.79, respectively. In question stations, criterion validity was 0.15, and total validity of OSCE was 0.77.

Conclusion: Findings of the present study indicated acceptable validity and reliability of OSCE for residents of obstetrics and gynecology.

© 2012, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on PDF.

References

  • 1.

    The references of this article is available on PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: