The Effect of Training Based on Health Belief Model on the Awareness and Attitude of Nursing and Midwifery Students in Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases

AUTHORS

Behzad Karami Matin 1 , Sheada Sepahi 2 , * , Ahmad Khoshay 3 , Vida Sepahi 4 , Sara Shahabadi 2 , Zahra Laghaei 2 , Saeed Samiei 2 , Azam Geravandi 2

1 Dept. of Public Health, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Vice Chancellor for Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Dept. of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Education Development Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Karami Matin B , Sepahi S , Khoshay A , Sepahi V , Shahabadi S , et al. The Effect of Training Based on Health Belief Model on the Awareness and Attitude of Nursing and Midwifery Students in Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases, Educ Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 1(2):e77192.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 1 (2); e77192
Published Online: December 17, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 06, 2012
Accepted: October 30, 2012
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Abstract

Introduction: Among the most important strategies for controlling cardiovascular diseases are preventive steps such as training and enhancing the awareness level, and preventive skills for protecting individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of training based on Health Belief Model on the awareness and attitude of nursing and midwifery students in preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 participants were selected from nursing and midwifery students during 2010 and 2011. They had not passed courses related to cardiovascular diseases. Four 2-hour training sessions were designed based on Health Belief Model. Demographic information questionnaire had questions related to awareness, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and action guide which was completed before training and six weeks after training by questionnaire and interview. Data was analyzed using SPSS 16 software and paired t-test.

Results: The findings indicated that the mean scores of the students’ awareness before and after training were 14.5 and 16.1, respectively and there was a statistically significant difference between them. The findings also showed that the mean scores of the students’ attitude before and after training were 41.9 and 41.8, respectively and there was no statistically significant difference between them.

Conclusion: Since changing in behavior is the result of changing in attitude, in order to change the attitude of the people about health issues such as health behavior toward cardiovascular diseases, training should be considered as a continuous procedure.

© 2012, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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