The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Improving English Pronunciation and Comprehension of Medical Students

AUTHORS

Zeinab Sanaee Moghadam 1 , Saeed Zarein-Dolab 2 , Amrollah Roozbehi 3 , *

1 School of Medical Education Sciences. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 English Language Department, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Education Development Office, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran

How to Cite: Sanaee Moghadam Z , Zarein-Dolab S , Roozbehi A . The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Improving English Pronunciation and Comprehension of Medical Students, Educ Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 2(2):e77215.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 2 (2); e77215
Published Online: January 20, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 08, 2013
Accepted: January 18, 2014
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Abstract

Introduction: Acquisition of intelligible English pronunciation and comprehension of medical texts has been considered as an important need for medical students.  This can be improved by employing different methods and taking into consideration various learning styles of students. This study is an attempt to reveal the effect of cooperative learning on enhancing pronunciation and reading comprehension in students of medicine in Yasuj University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: All 60 students of medicine in Yasuj University of Medical Sciences who enrolled in English for specific purposes 1st Feb 2013 took part in this quasi experimental study and were divided into two groups of thirties, according to the enrollment list. Cooperative learning was implemented with the experimental group dividing them into groups of five randomly, while the control group was taught with traditional method. Phonetic transcriptions were used along with passages taken from their book for the two groups. The data collected from three reading aloud tasks, scores of pretest, and midterm and final written examinations were analyzed using SPSS software, version19.

Results: The results of the study showed that the experimental group outperformed the control group significantly (P<0.05) in all areas of reading aloud tests, pronunciation, and comprehension.

Conclusion: It is concluded that cooperative learning significantly improves medical students’ pronunciation and comprehension. Teaching pronunciation and comprehension through cooperative learning yields better learning results for university students.

© 2014, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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