The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Esteem

AUTHORS

Shirin Iranfar 1 , Vida Sepahi 1 , * , Ahmad Khoshay 2 , Farahnaz Keshavarzi 2

1 Education Development Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Iranfar S , Sepahi V , Khoshay A , Keshavarzi F . The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Esteem, Educ Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 2(2):e77225.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 2 (2); e77225
Published Online: January 20, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 11, 2014
Accepted: February 28, 2014
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Introduction: Critical Thinking Disposition indicates individual’s inclination to Critical Thinking, which is one of the domains of personality. Individual characteristics are important and influential factors in the growth and development of students’ Critical Thinking. One of these influential characteristics might be self-esteem, thus this study was to determine the correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem in medical students.

Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional study, 289 medical students were selected through stratified random sampling method in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2011. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire containing 3 parts: demographic data, California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, and Cooper-Smith Self-Esteem Inventory. The results were analyzed by SPSS-16 using descriptive statistics, Pearson and Spearman Correlation Coefficient, ANOVA, Chi-Square and Fisher exact test.

Results: Results showed that 98.6% (285) of students had deficiency, 1.4% (4) ambivalence and nobody had positive critical thinking disposition. There was a significantly negative correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem (r=-0.462, P<0.001). Also, there was no a significant relationship between two groups of low self-esteem , high self-esteem , negative and ambivalent Critical Thinking Disposition.

Conclusion: It seems that Critical Thinking Disposition, like other psychological variables, is influenced by social factors and social environment plays a role in promoting or undermining it. So, similar studies are recommended to investigate the factors affecting Critical Thinking in medical students.

© 2014, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on PDF.

References

  • 1.

    The references of this article is available on PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: