Effect of Educational Intervention on Oral Health Behaviour based on Health Belief Model in Female Secondary School Students of Paveh in 2011

AUTHORS

Gona Bekry 1 , Mostafa Hosseini 2 , Hamid Reza Mozaffari 3 , Roya Sadeghi 4 , Morteza Rostambeigi 5 , Mahmoud Yousefifard 6 , Davoud Shojaeezadeh 4 , *

1 Dept. of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Andorra

2 Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Dept. of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Andorra

6 Dept. Physiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Bekry G , Hosseini M , Mozaffari H R , Sadeghi R , Rostambeigi M , et al. Effect of Educational Intervention on Oral Health Behaviour based on Health Belief Model in Female Secondary School Students of Paveh in 2011, Educ Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 2(3):e77235.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 2 (3); e77235
Published Online: January 16, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 24, 2013
Accepted: January 14, 2014
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Abstract

Introduction: Education is a powerful tool in reducing dental diseases. It is known as an essential part of oral health services. This study evaluated the impact of education on oral health behavior of students based on health belief model.

Methods: This educational intervention study was carried out on secondary school girls of Paveh, Iran in 2011. A standard questionnaire was used to collect the data, including demographic characteristics, dimensions of health belief model and performance of students before and after intervention. The educational intervention was conducted over three sessions. To examine differences between groups in terms of demographic factors, dimensions of health belief model and performance status before and after the intervention, Chi-square test and logistic regression were used. P<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Sixty students were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. Among the demographic variables, only maternal education was significantly different between the two groups (P=0.02). Educational intervention significantly improved the perceived susceptibility (P=0.006), perceived severity (P=0.007), perceived barriers (P=0.01), and use of dental floss (P=0.009) in the intervention group. However, the impact on perceived barriers, cues to action, and brushing performance were not found significant (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The importance of education caused promoting dental health behaviors of students. It also emphasized adopting more appropriate methods for oral health training.

© 2014, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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