Association of Academic Performance with Outcome Expectations and Its Domains in Nursing and Midwifery Students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Sepideh Bakhtiari 1 , Elham Niroumand 2 , Ahmad Khoshay 3 , * , Jahangir Setarehgarmy 1 , Sahar Sahar Karimy 1

1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah,, Iran

3 Dept.of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Bakhtiari S , Niroumand E , Khoshay A , Setarehgarmy J , Sahar Karimy S . Association of Academic Performance with Outcome Expectations and Its Domains in Nursing and Midwifery Students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Educ Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 3(1):e77245.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 3 (1); e77245
Published Online: December 02, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 06, 2014
Accepted: June 29, 2014
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Abstract

Introduction: Outcome expectation is considered as a basic and significant variable in education. It is a cognitive-motivational component that takes the individual into account as an active and sensible decision-maker. The present study was conducted to investigate the correlation of outcome expectations with academic performance of students of nursing and midwifery in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sample size included 218 nursing and midwifery students selected through convenient random sampling method. The instrument for data collection was the questionnaire of “outcome expectations of career decision-making and discovery targets”, which comprised of 13 questions in three domains of future orientation, job satisfaction and personal expectations. The questionnaires were coded after being completed and the obtained data were fed into SPSS-16 software and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, Kolmogrov-Smirnov, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests.

Results: The findings indicated no statistically significant difference between place of living (dormitory or home) and outcome expectations along with its domains (39.4% and 60-6%). However, a significant correlation was reported between discipline, gender, admittance year and academic performance of the students (p<0.05). Moreover, this correlation was significant between future orientation and personal expectations, but not in the case of job satisfaction (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated a positively positive significant relationship between students’ academic performance and outcome expectations along with its domains.

© 2014, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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