Achievement Motivation and Academic Motivation among Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2013

AUTHORS

Firoozeh Khamoushi 1 , Arash Parsa Moghaddam 2 , * , Mahtab Sadeghi 2 , Ali Akbar Parvizifard 2 , Akram Ahmadzadeh 2

1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Khamoushi F , Parsa Moghaddam A , Sadeghi M , Parvizifard A A , Ahmadzadeh A . Achievement Motivation and Academic Motivation among Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2013 , Educ Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 3(2):e77250.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 3 (2); e77250
Published Online: December 27, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 20, 2014
Accepted: December 17, 2014
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Abstract

Introduction: Students are often similar in terms of learning ability and talent. However, there are remarkable differences in their academic performance during their schooling, which can be due to the differences in their academic motivation and achievement motivation. The current study was carried out to compare achievement motivation and academic achievement among the students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) in 2013.

Methods: In this descriptive Analytical cross-sectional study, the study sample included all students of KUMS studying in various majors in the academic year 2013-2014. A total of 301students (148 males and 163 females) were selected through stratified random sampling method. Herman’s achievement motivation scale and Vallerand’s academic motivation scale were used to collect the data. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS-16 software using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA and Scheffe’s post-hoc tests). 

Results: The mean of academic motivation among the studied sample was 116.73±24.45. There was a significant difference between the students’ academic motivation and achievement motivation and their majors (p=0.006). The most motivated 125.37±21.05 and the least motivated students 108.45±26.87 were the medical students and undergraduate students of public health, respectively (p=0.001).

Conclusion: An average academic motivation was reported for the students, and it was significantly different among various majors. Given the low academic motivation among the undergraduate students of public health and nursing, it seems necessary to take appropriate measures in order to improve their academic motivation.

© 2014, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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