The Effectiveness of a Working Memory Training Regimen for Iranian University Students: Implications for Medical Students

AUTHORS

Gholam Reza Kiany 1 , Bahman Mehraban 2 , * , Reza Ghafar Samar 1

1 Dept. of English, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of English, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Kiany G R , Mehraban B , Ghafar Samar R . The Effectiveness of a Working Memory Training Regimen for Iranian University Students: Implications for Medical Students, Educ Res Med Sci. 2015 ; 4(1):e79151.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 4 (1); e79151
Published Online: June 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 28, 2015
Accepted: June 26, 2015
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Abstract

Introduction: Working memory is thought to serve as a part of memory structure where functions like temporary storage and manipulation of information take place. This study investigates the effectiveness of working memory training regimens with Iranian university students, while considering the implications for medical students.

Methods: Thirty university students studying at different universities in Kermanshah took part in the study. They were divided into two groups as the experimental and control groups. Both groups took pre- tests on their working memory capacity. The experimental group then underwent working memory training exercises for ten sessions. Both groups then took post- tests on their working memory capacity. The data collected through the pre- test and post- test were analyzed using SPSS software, version 16. The statistical procedure employed during data analysis included paired t-test and independent samples t-test.

Results: Analysis of the data revealed significant improvements in different measures of working memory in the experimental group in comparison to the control.

Conclusion: It is possible to improve working memory measures through training regimens. Given the similarities of the kinds of tasks medical students deal with in their academic lives to those of the working memory training exercises, further studies are required to investigate the effects of improved working memory capacity on medical students’ academic achievements.

© 2015, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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