Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Motivation and Achievement Motivation in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Mahtab Sadeghi 1 , Arash Parsa Moghadam 1 , Seyed Mojtaba Ahmadi 2 , Kheirollah Sadeghi 2 , Aliakbar Parvizifard 2 , *

1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Sadeghi M , Parsa Moghadam A , Ahmadi S M , Sadeghi K , Parvizifard A . Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Motivation and Achievement Motivation in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Educ Res Med Sci. 2016 ; 5(1):e79180.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 5 (1); e79180
Published Online: June 10, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 23, 2015
Accepted: March 05, 2016
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Abstract

Introduction: Students learn similarly in terms of ability and talent, but they have many differences in academic achievement. These differences can be shown not only in school lessons but also in other extra-curricular activities. The present study aims to investigate the factors affecting academic motivation and achievement motivation in students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS).

Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, the study sample included all students of KUMS studying in various majors in the academic year 2013-2014. A total of 296 (135 male and 161 female) students were selected through stratified random sampling. Herman’s achievement motivation scale, Vallerand’s academic motivation scale, and factors affecting checklist were used to collect data. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS-18 software using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (binary regression).

Results: Binary regression analysis showed that among studied variables, future better jobs (P=0.01, Beta=0.509) and educational facilities (P=0.02, Beta=2.46) could play important roles in factors affecting students’ achievement motivation, and having a positive self-image (P=0.04, Beta=0.501) and tendency to optimism about personal abilities (P=0.001, Beta=5.52) could play important roles in factors affecting students’ academic motivation.

Conclusion: According to the results, it is suggested that consideration should be given to improve the academic achievement of educational facilities; also, the importance of self-efficacy of the students should be noted more. Moreover, motivational workshops on increasing academic motivation of students should be held by universities.

© 2016, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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