Association of Academic Goal Orientations with Thinking Rumination among University Students

AUTHORS

Yahya Safari 1 , Nasrin Yousefpoor 1 , *

1 Dept. of Radiology, School of Paramedics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Safari Y , Yousefpoor N . Association of Academic Goal Orientations with Thinking Rumination among University Students, Educ Res Med Sci. 2017 ; 6(1):e79271.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Educational Research in Medical Sciences: 6 (1); e79271
Published Online: July 08, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 14, 2016
Accepted: June 06, 2017
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Abstract

Introduction: Academic goal orientation is a prevailing theory in achievement motivation that analyzes why individuals engage in and insist on assignments. Knowledge of academic goal orientation and rumination and their relationship with each other among learners is of great importance. This study was aimed to evaluate the correlation of academic goal orientations with rumination among students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: This correlational descriptive-analytical study was carried out on all students (n=4200) of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Using Morgan table, a total of 370 students were selected through proportion to population size random sampling. The data collection instruments included the Academic Goal Questionnaire and the rumination scale. The collected data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and independent t-test. 

Results: The findings showed a significant correlation between mastery-avoidance goal orientation and rumination (r=0.20, P<0.001), performance-approach goal and rumination (r=0.25, P<0.001), and performance-avoidance goal orientation and rumination (r=0.11, P<0.02). However, no significant correlation was found between mastery-approach goal orientation and rumination (r=0.08, P=0.08). Also, the mean scores of academic goal orientation in male (40.13±10.43) were significantly higher than those of female (32.43±11.28) students (P=0.006), and mean scores of rumination in female (92.62±46.17) were significantly higher than those of male (62.55±36.07) students (P=0.007).

Conclusion: Considering the correlation between study variables, rumination is suggested to be taught to students to promote their academic goal orientation and academic performance.

© 2017, Educational Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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