The Effect of Education Program Based on Health Belief Model on Decreasing Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetic Type 2 Patients in Zahedan


Iraj Zareban 1 , Shamsaddin Niknami 2 , * , Alireza Hidarnia 2 , Fatemeh Rakhshani 1 , Mahmood Karimy 3 , Mohsen Shamsi 3

1 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran

2 Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, IR Iran

How to Cite: Zareban I, Niknami S, Hidarnia A, Rakhshani F, Karimy M, et al. The Effect of Education Program Based on Health Belief Model on Decreasing Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetic Type 2 Patients in Zahedan, Health Scope. Online ahead of Print ; 2(2):73-78. doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-8690.


Health Scope: 2 (2); 73-78
Published Online: July 9, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 20, 2012
Accepted: March 20, 2013


Background: Diabetes as the most common metabolic disorder is an important global challenge. Diabetes needs self-care for one's entire life.

Objectives: The aim of study was detecting the effect of health belief model program on decreasing blood sugar level in diabetic patients of Zahedan city in 2011.

Patients and Methods: After choosing 138 diabetic type 2 patients from Zahedan diabetic center, they were divided into two random groups (case and control groups each of them 69 patients). Data was collected using a questionnaire based on the health belief model, and checklist related to patient practices. Reliability and validity of questionnaire was examined. Data collected before the intervention and three and six months after educational method intervention were analyzed by the SPSS software.

Results: According to the results there is a significant statistical difference between average numbers of models before and after educational intervention (p < 0.001). Also HbA1c and FBS after educational intervention were lower (p < 0001).

Conclusions: Applying the HBM Model proved is very effective in developing an educational program for diabetics, to control their blood sugar. Besides such programs, follow up education for controlling and monitoring are highly recommended.

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