Suicide Attempt: Risk Factors & Family Function


Davood Behzad 1 , *

1 MSc of Phychology and Social Pathology, Applied Scientific Center for Welfare and Social Security, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Behzad D . Suicide Attempt: Risk Factors & Family Function, Hormozgan Med J. 2016 ; 20(2):e87834.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 20 (2); e87834
Published Online: July 13, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 21, 2015
Accepted: July 13, 2016


Introduction: Suicide resulting of psychological and social disturbances. Family, as an intermediate institute, has a bilateral role; on one hand provides a protective factor for health. Meanwhile, family malfunctions work as a risk factor in suicide. This research is performed to study family risk factors and functioning among suicide attempted.

Methods: The research designed as descriptive and cross-sectional survey in the second half of 2014 in Bandar Abbas. Statistical population was the patients with suicide attempted in two recent years that referred to the emergency ward of Mohammadi hospital. 50 volunteers were selected by convenience sampling. Researcher-made questionnaire & family assessment device (FAD) were used for data gathering. Data analysis (descriptive measures, T, Chi-squares & bi-nominal test) was done using SPSS 19 software.

Results: The results showed significant differences in all aspects of family functions; affective involvement and behavioral control had the highest percentages.

Conclusion: Family factors have a critical role in suicide, in terms of risk factors and protective factors. It is necessary for practitioners to attend it as preventive strategies and therapeutic procedures.

© 2016, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.



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