Temporal changes and mapping Leishmaniasis in military units of I.R.I.Army


Abdoreza Salahi Moghaddam 1 , Mohammad Barati 2 , * , Arasb Dabbagh Mpoghadam 3 , Alireza Khoshdel 4 , Syed Javad Hosseini Shokouh 2 , Mohsen Totonchian 5 , Mahtab Noorifard 2

1 Associate Professor Department of Pathobiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assisstant Professor Department of Infectious Diseases, Infectious Diseases Research Center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Instructor Department of Community Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor Department Epidemiology, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Preventive Medicine Specialist, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Salahi Moghaddam A, Barati M, Dabbagh Mpoghadam A, Khoshdel A, Hosseini Shokouh S J, et al. Temporal changes and mapping Leishmaniasis in military units of I.R.I.Army, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(1):e87855.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (1); e87855
Published Online: July 28, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 16, 2013
Accepted: July 28, 2013


Introduction: During the embossed war, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) was considered as
a major health problem in war zones, particularly in the South West region of the country.
According to this history, monitoring the disease is necessary for military health services.
The aim of this study was to determine CL prevalence and temporal condition and mapping
of disease between military personnel using Geographic Information System (GIS).
Methods: In a descriptive-analytical survey, all records of CL in military units were
received from the Department of Health, Health and Medical Education headquarter.
Prevalence or incidence rates were calculated and by ArcGIS 9.3 software, storage, and
processing of the map was done.
Results: Maps of CL incidence generated as decision-making facility. Hypothesis about
climatic pattern of disease presented. Based on this hypothesis air temperature 28 to 33
degrees, may considered as threshold temperature, one to three months before outbreak.
Conclusion: The military endemic CL zones are different from national endemic zones.
This phenomenon should be explained by especial military actions, which is different from
most of civil occupation. It is necessary for military health system to monitoring reservoirs
and zonotic disease in the action fields parallel to disease in the military populations.



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