Prevalence of low back pain in school–age children and associated risk factors


Mohammad Bayat Tork 1 , Hadi Sarafraz 2 , * , Maryam Mazidi 1 , Mehdi Savadi 3 , Shideh Rafaati 4

1 Instructor Department of Sciences Sport , Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 MSc of Physical Therapy,Shahid Mohammadi Clinical Rsearch Development Unit, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 MSc of Sciences Sport , Islamic Azad University, Qeshm Branch, Qeshm, Iran.

4 MSc of Statistics,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

How to Cite: Bayat Tork M, Sarafraz H, Mazidi M , Savadi M, Rafaati S . Prevalence of low back pain in school–age children and associated risk factors, Hormozgan Med J. 2013 ; 16(6):e88065.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 16 (6); e88065
Published Online: July 01, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 21, 2012
Accepted: July 01, 2012


Introduction: The occurrence of Low Back Pain (LBP) among children has almost reached the level in adult, and it is becoming a serious health concern in school-age children. Few studies documented prevalence of LBP in children in Iran. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of LBP and associated risk factors in school-age children. Methods: After ethical approval, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 1648 randomly recruited schoolchildren aged 7-15 years in the south of Iran. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data were analyzed using logistic regression by SPSS software. Results: Based on the results, 1243 children reported LBP point and last month prevalence of LBP in this study was 50% and 48%, respectively. Logistic regression model showed that age, time of watching television, type of bag and position of homework are significant risk factor for LBP in children. Conclusion: The results indicated that the prevalence of LBP in schoolchildren is higher than the normal rate. Some of risk factor significantly influenced LBP in children.



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