Critical thinking skill in Shiraz University of medical sciences students


Mitra Amini 1 , * , Navid Fazlinejad 2

1 Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 General Practitioner, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Amini M, Fazlinejad N. Critical thinking skill in Shiraz University of medical sciences students, Hormozgan Med J. 2010 ; 14(3):e88573.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 14 (3); e88573
Published Online: June 24, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 16, 2010
Accepted: June 24, 2010


Introduction: Critical thinking is a skill and capability on which learner can achieve
teaching goals during an active mental process only after receiving key points from teacher.
This capability can enhance subject remembrance by students and deliver them to training
targets with clarity. One of the benefits of this skill is that it can widen thinking horizons of
students over learned topics, that is reached by their active attendance in training processes.
This study was aimed to determine the critical thinking situation of medical students and
compare this in different clinical students.
Methods: This study was done on 150 Shiraz University of medical students learning and
practicing in 3 groups of Interns, externs and students. The subjects were selected with
randomized stratified method. Then their critical thinking was investigated using California
B questionnaire containing 34 questions.
Results: The results showed overall weakness of Shiraz medical students in utilizing
critical thinking skills. In this study inference ability of Interns got significantly better
scores from others. Inference ability of male students was slightly higher than that in
female students.
Conclusion: The results showed this important fact that skills and abilities of Shiraz
medical students did not improve by going to upper year of education. It is necessary for
policymakers, planners and managers to provide appropriate facilities and a suitable
education environment, especially in medical students, to strengthen their critical thinking.



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