Evaluation of the urogenital problems of menopausal woman referred to the health care centers of Ilam, Iran


Masoumeh Shohani 1 , * , Fatemeh Rasouli 2 , Parivash HajiAmiry 2 , Ali Hasanpoor Dehkordi 3 , Mahmoud Mahmoudi 4

1 Instructor Department of Nursing, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Instructor Department of Nursing, Shahr-e-Kord University of Medical Sciences, Shahre-e-Kord, Iran.

4 Associate Professor Department of Statistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Shohani M, Rasouli F, HajiAmiry P, Hasanpoor Dehkordi A, Mahmoudi M. Evaluation of the urogenital problems of menopausal woman referred to the health care centers of Ilam, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 13(3):e88773.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (3); e88773
Published Online: January 11, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 03, 2008
Accepted: January 11, 2009


Introduction: Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation. It is an important
event of climactrium, reflecting from fertility to infertility. Postmenopausal women usually
suffer from physical and mental problems, so as of these, the urogenital disorders are
common in menopausal women. We aimed, in this study, to determine urogenital problems
of menopausal women referred to the health care centers.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 150 menopausal women were randomly
selected. The research tools were a questionnaire, record sheet and check list of symptoms
and signs. The data were collected by interview, observation, and examination. Analysis
was done by SPSS software.
Results: Results showed that, vaginal dryness in 42%, decrease in sexual appealing in
41.3%, urinate frequency in 33.3%, vaginal itching in 11.3%, urin residua in 35.3%,
embossment of vaginal interior in 58.8%, constipation in 21.1%, embossment of
vaginalposterior in 22.7%, were observed. Resembling marriage statuse on vaginal atrophy
(P<0.001), on cystocle, and rectocle intensity and urinary incontinence. There was also a
significant relationship between urinary infection and urinary incontinence in the cases
Conclusion: Our findings showed that rogenital disorders are common in menopause
period influencing quality of life and community health.



  • 1.

    References are included in the PDF.

  • © 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.