The Impact of antenatal education on postpartum depression, Dezful, Iran


Nosrat Bahrami 1 , * , Marziyeh Araban 2 , Somayeh Bahrami 3

1 Master of Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

3 Statistician, Ahvaz, Iran.

How to Cite: Bahrami N, Araban M, Bahrami S. The Impact of antenatal education on postpartum depression, Dezful, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2010 ; 13(4):e88797.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (4); e88797
Published Online: October 18, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 10, 2008
Accepted: October 18, 2009


Introduction: Postpartum depression is the most common serious mental disorder in the
postpartum period. Postpartum depression is associated with serious complications for
mother, baby and her family. This study is designed to investigate the effect of antenatal
education on pregnancy depression in theses who referred to Dezful health canters.
Methods: This case-control study was carried out on 140 non depressive pregnant women
with gestational age between 26-30 weeks. These women were randomly divided into two
groups, experimental group and controls of Antenatal education classes. The research data
was collected using standard questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventor and the Edinburgh
Postnatal Depression Scale. The data was analyzed using t and chi-square tests.
Results: Result showed that 31.4% of women had the Edinburgh Depression Score of 10
or more. A significant increase in the mean score of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression
Scale in controls compared with the experimental group (P<0.001) was observed.
Furthermore, attendance in the antenatal education decreased the likelihood of the
Postnatal Depression {OR= 2.7, 95% CI (1.4-4.10)}.
Conclusion: Findings showed that the antenatal education decrease the Edinburgh Postnatal
Depression Score significantly, hence the screening of depression in pregnancy and antenatal
education is recommended.



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