Prevalence of violence and related factors in pregnant women referring to Shahid Mobini hospital, Sabzevar


Mahin Bodaghabadi 1 , *

1 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Sabzevar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran..

How to Cite: Bodaghabadi M. Prevalence of violence and related factors in pregnant women referring to Shahid Mobini hospital, Sabzevar, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 11(1):e89110.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (1); e89110
Published Online: August 12, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 19, 2006
Accepted: August 12, 2006


Introduction: Violence is a behavioral pattern designed to exert power and control
over a person in an intimate relationship through the use of intimidating, threatening,
harmful or harassing behavior. This clinical social challenge is spread over all stages
of women's life especially pregnancy and its prevalence during pregnancy is
unknown. Determining prevalence of violence and its related factors surely may
decrease adverse effects of this problem, substancially.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic research was done on 587
pregnant women. Sampling method was random and accessible. Data gathering was
preformed via observation and interview. An interview form and an observation
checklist were filled. Data validity was assessed by content validity method and tool
reliability was checked via synchronous observation. Chi square, t-test and Mann-
Withney U tests were used for data analysis.
Results: Results show that 14.5% of women had experienced physical violence
from their partners during pregnancy. There was a statistically significant
(P<0.05) relationship between violence and the following variables: being a
relative of husband, criminal history of husband, feeling about conjugal and
sexual relationship, husband's occupation, suicidal attempt, infection during
pregnancy, restrictions on living expenses, being in communication with others
and having independent income, age at marriage, educational level, number of
gravidity, parity and living children, and duration of common life with each
Conclusion: Considering high prevalence of physical violence in pregnant women
and the diagnosed social risk factors in this survey, it is recommended that all health
personnels, screen pregnant women according to related factors in each prenatal visit
to recognize the victims in advance and prevent hazardous sequela and consider
necessary precautions during pregnancy and labour.



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