Etiology of cerebral palsy in children in rehabilitation centers, Mashad, Iran


Farah Ashrafzadeh 1 , * , Mohammad Faraji Rad 2

1 Associate professor, Department of Pediatric, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Full Professor Department of Neurosurgery, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

How to Cite: Ashrafzadeh F, Faraji Rad M. Etiology of cerebral palsy in children in rehabilitation centers, Mashad, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 9(4):e90547.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90547
Published Online: January 02, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 07, 2005
Accepted: January 02, 2006


Introduction: Cerebral palsy is defined as a movement disorder in the first years
of life which is not progressive and is due to permanent cerebral damages. Most
of these movement disorders are preventable. The aim of this study is
investigation on the probable etiology of cerebral palsy of children in Mashhad,
Methods: In this descriptive study, 5 rehabilitation centers in Mashhad city were
selected randomly. All children under the age of 13 years old with cerebral palsy
were investigated. 54 children with complete prenatal and postnatal history were
physically examined. The results were presented by descriptive statistics.
Results: Of 54 cases of cerebral palsy, 29 (54%) cases were male and 25 (46%)
cases were female. 30 (55.6%) cases were spastic, 7 (13%) cases were
extrapyramidal, 12 (22.2%) cases were flaccid and 5 (9.3%) cases with mixed
type of cerebral palsy were observed. In 35 cases of spastic cerebral palsy, 18
(33.3%) cases were diplegic, 6 (11.1%) cases were quadriplegic, 9 (16.7%)
cases were hemiplegic, 1 (1.9%) case was paraplegic, and 1 (1.9%) case was
monoplegic cerebral palsy. 19 (35%) cases were flaccid or extrapyramidal types.
Conclusion: This study showed that most causes of cerebral palsy in children are



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