Reduction of Deterministic Thinking Among Cancer Patients as a New Method to Increase Psychosocial Adjustments


Seyyed Jalal Younesi 1 , * , Akramsadat Mirafzal 1 , Mahdieh Tooyserkani 1

1 Dept. of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Younesi S J, Mirafzal A, Tooyserkani M. Reduction of Deterministic Thinking Among Cancer Patients as a New Method to Increase Psychosocial Adjustments, Int J Cancer Manag. 2012 ; 5(2):e80805.


International Journal of Cancer Management: 5 (2); e80805
Published Online: June 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 02, 2011
Accepted: October 20, 2011


Background: Deterministic thinking is one of the major cognitive distortions. This type of thinking ignores any possibility in making a conclusion about events. Any consequence of an event may be thought as: 2×2= 4. Equality is a dominant factor among all conclusions of this kind of distortion. Distortion emerges in cognitive rigidity in the mind and could be the source of all distortions. Cognitive rigidity is a main reason for depression and other psychosocial maladjustments.

Methods: Challenging distortion was discussed as a new method for improving psychological conditions of cancer patients. Adapting the cultural base of the method, distortion is explained as a destructive factor which ruins the balance of fear and hope, the two important signs of faith in Islamic perspective.

Results: The consequence of challenging distortion to reduce depression and anxiety has been explained based on the Islamic Culture.

Conclusion: For the first time, in this study, it was proposed that how this method can be used in the treatment of psychological disorders of cancer patients.


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© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.