Determination of thyrotropin (TSH), total and free thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are widely used for thyroid function evaluation. There have been numerous reports of interfer-ence in thyroid hormone immunoassays. Herein, the possible occurrence of interference is inves-tigated for a radioimmunoassay kit of total T3. Materials and Methods: A total of 3471 patients were examined through the serum level meas-urement of TSH, total T4 and T3. T3 analysis was made through a competitive solid-phase radio labeled (125I) immunoassay by T3 Izotop kit (Izotop Co. Budapest, Hungary). The presence of T3 assay interference was considered probable if the endocrine profile was inconsistent with the clinical picture and/or the obtained value for T3 showed extreme deviaton from normal levels, i.e. above 780 ng/dL. For such patients, the exis-tence of interference was verified by re-measuring T3 level by another RIA kit (Immu-notech kit, Marseille, France). Results: Among 3471 patients studied, 40 cases (1.2 %) had spuriously high T3 serum levels with T3-Izotop kit while normal T3 levels (132.1±31.0 ng/dL) were observed with T3-Immunotech kit; the positive interference was more prevalent among women (1.4% vs. 0.5% in men), especially post-menopausal women. Mean serum levels of total T4 and TSH in the positive interference group were 9.0±2.0 μg/dL and 1.79±1.47 μU/mL, respectively. Conclusion: In accordance with numerous re-ports of interferences in thyroid hormone im-munoassays, the results of our study indicates that both laboratory professionals and clinicians must be vigilant to the possibility of antibody interference in thyroid function assays.

"/> Determination of thyrotropin (TSH), total and free thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are widely used for thyroid function evaluation. There have been numerous reports of interfer-ence in thyroid hormone immunoassays. Herein, the possible occurrence of interference is inves-tigated for a radioimmunoassay kit of total T3. Materials and Methods: A total of 3471 patients were examined through the serum level meas-urement of TSH, total T4 and T3. T3 analysis was made through a competitive solid-phase radio labeled (125I) immunoassay by T3 Izotop kit (Izotop Co. Budapest, Hungary). The presence of T3 assay interference was considered probable if the endocrine profile was inconsistent with the clinical picture and/or the obtained value for T3 showed extreme deviaton from normal levels, i.e. above 780 ng/dL. For such patients, the exis-tence of interference was verified by re-measuring T3 level by another RIA kit (Immu-notech kit, Marseille, France). Results: Among 3471 patients studied, 40 cases (1.2 %) had spuriously high T3 serum levels with T3-Izotop kit while normal T3 levels (132.1±31.0 ng/dL) were observed with T3-Immunotech kit; the positive interference was more prevalent among women (1.4% vs. 0.5% in men), especially post-menopausal women. Mean serum levels of total T4 and TSH in the positive interference group were 9.0±2.0 μg/dL and 1.79±1.47 μU/mL, respectively. Conclusion: In accordance with numerous re-ports of interferences in thyroid hormone im-munoassays, the results of our study indicates that both laboratory professionals and clinicians must be vigilant to the possibility of antibody interference in thyroid function assays.

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Positive Interference in Triiodothyronine (T3) Assay Using a Radioimmunoassay Kit

AUTHORS

N Rezaei-Ghaleh 1 , M Hedayati 2 , * , A Ordookhani 1 , F Azizi 1

1 Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, I.R.Iran

2 Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], I.R.Iran

How to Cite: Rezaei-Ghaleh N, Hedayati M, Ordookhani A, Azizi F. Positive Interference in Triiodothyronine (T3) Assay Using a Radioimmunoassay Kit, Int J Endocrinol Metab. Online ahead of Print ; 5(4):142-146.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 5 (4); 142-146
Article Type: Original Article
Received: May 19, 2007
Accepted: September 26, 2007
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Abstract

Determination of thyrotropin (TSH), total and free thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are widely used for thyroid function evaluation. There have been numerous reports of interfer-ence in thyroid hormone immunoassays. Herein, the possible occurrence of interference is inves-tigated for a radioimmunoassay kit of total T3. Materials and Methods: A total of 3471 patients were examined through the serum level meas-urement of TSH, total T4 and T3. T3 analysis was made through a competitive solid-phase radio labeled (125I) immunoassay by T3 Izotop kit (Izotop Co. Budapest, Hungary). The presence of T3 assay interference was considered probable if the endocrine profile was inconsistent with the clinical picture and/or the obtained value for T3 showed extreme deviaton from normal levels, i.e. above 780 ng/dL. For such patients, the exis-tence of interference was verified by re-measuring T3 level by another RIA kit (Immu-notech kit, Marseille, France). Results: Among 3471 patients studied, 40 cases (1.2 %) had spuriously high T3 serum levels with T3-Izotop kit while normal T3 levels (132.1±31.0 ng/dL) were observed with T3-Immunotech kit; the positive interference was more prevalent among women (1.4% vs. 0.5% in men), especially post-menopausal women. Mean serum levels of total T4 and TSH in the positive interference group were 9.0±2.0 μg/dL and 1.79±1.47 μU/mL, respectively. Conclusion: In accordance with numerous re-ports of interferences in thyroid hormone im-munoassays, the results of our study indicates that both laboratory professionals and clinicians must be vigilant to the possibility of antibody interference in thyroid function assays.

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