Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), in which histologic examination often reveals evidence of lymphocytic infiltration at the edges of the tumour, is a good model for the interaction between human cancer and the immunocompetent host immune system.
Materials and Methods
: We tested sera from patients with DTC for cytotoxicity against cultured human thyroid, eye muscle and K562 cells in antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity assays.
Results:
When cultured thyroid cells were used as targets in ADCC assay, specific cytotoxicity was increased (% specific lysis> mean + 2SD for normals) in only 2 out of 30 patients with DTC but decreased (% specific lysis < mean + 2SD for normals) in 19 patients and mean for the group was significantly less than that for the normals. The same effect was observed using human eye muscle cells as targets in an ADCC assay. Serum from patients with DTC, but not those from normal subjects, inhibited the ADCC activity against normal thyroid cells in serum from pa-tients with Graves' disease, in a dose dependent manner. Serum from patients with thyroid cancer inhibited natural cytotoxicity against human K562 cells while normal serum did not. Pretreatment of normal PBMC with pooled serum from patients with DTC abolished natural cytotoxicity against K562 cells whereas pooled normal serum had no significant effect.
Conclusion:
This phenomenon reflected inhibition of the natural cytotoxicity mediated by (NK) cells in the mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) population by an unknown serum factor or factors. We confirmed this by performing experiments using sera from patients with DTC, human K562 cells as targets in NK cell assay and PBMC from normal subjects as source of NK cells. The inhibitory factor, which probably works at the level of the NK cells and is called natural cytotoxicity blocking factor (NKBF), may be a marker for invasive thyroid cancer, although this needs to be addressed in further studies.

"/> Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), in which histologic examination often reveals evidence of lymphocytic infiltration at the edges of the tumour, is a good model for the interaction between human cancer and the immunocompetent host immune system.
Materials and Methods
: We tested sera from patients with DTC for cytotoxicity against cultured human thyroid, eye muscle and K562 cells in antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity assays.
Results:
When cultured thyroid cells were used as targets in ADCC assay, specific cytotoxicity was increased (% specific lysis> mean + 2SD for normals) in only 2 out of 30 patients with DTC but decreased (% specific lysis < mean + 2SD for normals) in 19 patients and mean for the group was significantly less than that for the normals. The same effect was observed using human eye muscle cells as targets in an ADCC assay. Serum from patients with DTC, but not those from normal subjects, inhibited the ADCC activity against normal thyroid cells in serum from pa-tients with Graves' disease, in a dose dependent manner. Serum from patients with thyroid cancer inhibited natural cytotoxicity against human K562 cells while normal serum did not. Pretreatment of normal PBMC with pooled serum from patients with DTC abolished natural cytotoxicity against K562 cells whereas pooled normal serum had no significant effect.
Conclusion:
This phenomenon reflected inhibition of the natural cytotoxicity mediated by (NK) cells in the mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) population by an unknown serum factor or factors. We confirmed this by performing experiments using sera from patients with DTC, human K562 cells as targets in NK cell assay and PBMC from normal subjects as source of NK cells. The inhibitory factor, which probably works at the level of the NK cells and is called natural cytotoxicity blocking factor (NKBF), may be a marker for invasive thyroid cancer, although this needs to be addressed in further studies.

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Serum Containing Inhibitory Factors Which Inhibit Natural Cytotoxicity in Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

AUTHORS

Y Hiromatsu 1 , H Fukazawa 2 , JC How 3 , J Tani 4 , JR Wall 5 , *

1 First Department of Medicine, Kurume University Medical School, Japan

2 South Miyagi Medical Center, Japan

3 Department of Medicine, McGill University, Canada

4 Department of Medicine, The University of Sydney, Western Clinical School, Nepean Hospital, Australia

5 Department of Medicine, The University of Sydney, Western Clinical School, Nepean Hospital, [email protected], Australia

How to Cite: Hiromatsu Y, Fukazawa H, How J, Tani J, Wall J. Serum Containing Inhibitory Factors Which Inhibit Natural Cytotoxicity in Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer, Int J Endocrinol Metab. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):25-32.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 3 (1); 25-32
Article Type: Original Article
Received: January 1, 2004
Accepted: February 1, 2005
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Abstract

Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), in which histologic examination often reveals evidence of lymphocytic infiltration at the edges of the tumour, is a good model for the interaction between human cancer and the immunocompetent host immune system.
Materials and Methods
: We tested sera from patients with DTC for cytotoxicity against cultured human thyroid, eye muscle and K562 cells in antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity assays.
Results:
When cultured thyroid cells were used as targets in ADCC assay, specific cytotoxicity was increased (% specific lysis> mean + 2SD for normals) in only 2 out of 30 patients with DTC but decreased (% specific lysis < mean + 2SD for normals) in 19 patients and mean for the group was significantly less than that for the normals. The same effect was observed using human eye muscle cells as targets in an ADCC assay. Serum from patients with DTC, but not those from normal subjects, inhibited the ADCC activity against normal thyroid cells in serum from pa-tients with Graves' disease, in a dose dependent manner. Serum from patients with thyroid cancer inhibited natural cytotoxicity against human K562 cells while normal serum did not. Pretreatment of normal PBMC with pooled serum from patients with DTC abolished natural cytotoxicity against K562 cells whereas pooled normal serum had no significant effect.
Conclusion:
This phenomenon reflected inhibition of the natural cytotoxicity mediated by (NK) cells in the mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) population by an unknown serum factor or factors. We confirmed this by performing experiments using sera from patients with DTC, human K562 cells as targets in NK cell assay and PBMC from normal subjects as source of NK cells. The inhibitory factor, which probably works at the level of the NK cells and is called natural cytotoxicity blocking factor (NKBF), may be a marker for invasive thyroid cancer, although this needs to be addressed in further studies.

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