A review on textile wastewater production, characterization, and treatment technologies


Pouran Makhdoumi 1 , Meghdad Pirsaheb 1 , Hooshyar Hossini 1 , *

1 Dep. of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Makhdoumi P , Pirsaheb M , Hossini H . A review on textile wastewater production, characterization, and treatment technologies, Int J Health Life Sci. 2016 ; 3(1):e74180.


International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 3 (1); e74180
Published Online: July 01, 2017
Article Type: Review Article
Received: February 06, 2017
Accepted: April 12, 2017


In the past, the industrial sewage was discharged into the environment without considering its consequences. Alternatively, the increase in the human population and the industrial and economic growth has created several issues regarding environmental pollution, at present and for future. The textile industry is considered as main concerns by its environmental effects and hazardous wastes. The textile industry comprises a broad spectrum of units and generates large amount of wastewater containing several hazardous and toxic matters including heavy metals, pesticides, pigments and dyes (azo dyes), acids and soda, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Consequently, that can be created the environmental problems and several health effects such as cancers, allergies, and irritability. However, immediate approaches must be taken to prevent these issues. Based on literatures, the characteristics of wastewater streams that arise from different industrial units have been reviewed. The main concerns related to textile wastewaters include choosing the best technology and providing an appropriate treatment method. Most common successful treatment methods include using physicochemical and biological approaches.


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