Legalization, Decriminalization or Criminalization; Could We Introduce A Global Prescription for Prostitution?

AUTHORS

Hassan Joulaei ORCID 1 , Nooshin Zarei ORCID 2 , Mohammadali Khorsandian 3 , Amir Keshavarzian ORCID 4 , *

1 Shiraz HIV/AIDS Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Private and Islamic Law, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Joulaei H, Zarei N, Khorsandian M , Keshavarzian A . Legalization, Decriminalization or Criminalization; Could We Introduce A Global Prescription for Prostitution?, Int J High Risk Behav Addict.2021 In Press(In Press): e106741. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.106741.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: In Press (In Press); e106741
Published Online: June 05, 2021
Article Type: Review Article
Received: June 23, 2020
Revised: March 04, 2021
Accepted: April 11, 2021
Primary Published scheduled for 10 (2)
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Abstract

Background: Prostitution is a complex phenomenon and according to its definition, prostitution is the provision of sexual services to receive something (goods or services) which is not sexual. Given the response of different societies and cultures to criminalization, decriminalization or legalization of prostitution, this study aimed to compare the three aforementioned approaches, to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each view.

Method: This study is a narrative review that summarizes various views on how to control the prostitution phenomenon. To conduct this study, related articles in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases, as well as documentations and reports published by Amnesty International, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Office on AIDS were investigated. There was no time limitation for searching the articles and documentations.

Results: Different communities have their own responses to the prostitution phenomenon, depending on their economic, social, and cultural context. According to the literature reviews, three main approaches including criminalization, decriminalization, and legalization are recommended to deal with prostitution. In each of these frameworks, human trafficking and child prostitution are criminalized. Although, it seems that partial decriminalization has greater benefits with fewer disadvantages, it is not without defects.

Conclusion: All countries, with any dominant approach, must respect the human rights of prostitutes and improve access to healthcare facilities. Using the moderator rules that are embedded in the laws of each country for expediency might also reduce the harmful consequences of the first rules, or measures can be taken by considering specific regulations that exist in the national system of each country.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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