Epidemiological Characteristics of Human Brucellosis During 2014-2017 in Salmas, Iran

AUTHORS

Javid Taghinejad 1 , Ali Sadeghi ORCID 2 , * , Babak Barati 3 , Mehdi Roshdi 1 , Morteza Najafi 4 , Maqsoud Abdollahi 4 , Mehdi Jahantab 5

1 Department of Microbiology, Malekan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Malekan, Iran

2 Food and Drug Control Laboratory, Vice-chancellor in Food & Drug Affairs, Urmia, Iran

3 Biological Sciences and Technology Center, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Health, Unit for Combating Diseases, Salmas Health Center, Salmas, Iran

5 Tuberculosis Department, Laboratory of Health Center Staff, Salmas, Iran

How to Cite: Taghinejad J, Sadeghi A, Barati B, Roshdi M, Najafi M, et al. Epidemiological Characteristics of Human Brucellosis During 2014-2017 in Salmas, Iran, Int J Infect.2021 In Press(In Press): e110175.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Infection: In Press (In Press); e110175
Published Online: May 26, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 10, 2020
Revised: March 23, 2021
Accepted: April 21, 2021
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Abstract

Background: Despite substantial efforts to control the disease, brucellosis remains one the most rampant zoonotic infections among agricultural and rural populations. It is still considered a major public health challenge in endemic areas including Iran.

Objectives: regarding high prevalence rate of brucellosis in north-west of Iran and the occupational nature of the disease, this study intends to describe epidemiological pattern of brucellosis in Salmas, Iran, during 2014-2017.

Methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted on the data collected using a checklist designed to investigate personal health records of patients available at Urmia University of Medical Sciences from 2014 to 2017. Data analyses were conducted using version 19 of SPSS software. Chi-square, t-test and the Cochran-Armitage χ2 test for trend were performed.

Results: Among 417 brucellosis cases, the total incidence rate was 52.73 cases/100,000 inhabitants over the 4-year study. The prevalence rate of brucellosis was higher in males and the male to female ratio was 1.38. The most infected age group was of 31-45. The summer season showed higher prevalence. Brucellosis was more common among Housewives-stockbreeders. Cheese was the most frequently consumed unpasteurized dairy product. The majority of patients were from rural regions.

Conclusion: the study shows a statistically significant increase in the prevalence of human brucellosis in Salmas, hence the disease has to be regarded as a public health priority. Educating farmers and inhabitants of endemic areas to take preventive measures can play a significant role in controlling brucellosis.

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© 2021, International Journal of Infection. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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