Clinical Profile of Snake Bite in Children in Rural India


Vinayak Y. Kshirsagar 1 , * , Minhajuddin Ahmed 2 , Sylvia M. Colaco 3

How to Cite: Y. Kshirsagar V, Ahmed M, M. Colaco S . Clinical Profile of Snake Bite in Children in Rural India, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(6):632-636.


Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (6); 632-636
Published Online: November 18, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 18, 2012
Accepted: September 29, 2013


Objective: A high incidence of snake bite envenomation has been reported from rural India. Due to inadequate epidemiological data, the incidence is underestimated. This study analyses the pattern of snake bite and their management in children in rural areas of Maharashtra, India. To determine the age, mode of presentation, seasonal variation, clinical profile and outcome of patients with snake bite less than 15 years of age. Methods: This study is a retrospective, descriptive study including 162 patients, who presented with history of snake bite. Clinical data about age, sex, clinical manifestations, complications and outcome were obtained from case records and were analyzed. Findings: Out of the 162 patients 98 (60.49%) were males. The bites were vasculotoxic in 147 (90.74%) and neuroparalytic in 15 (9.25%) patients. Mainly bites occurred from July to September with 84 (51.85%) bites. Bites were more common in males in age more than 5 years (89%) with bite marks mainly on lower limbs in 120 (74.04%) patients. Deaths were reported in patients who reported late to the hospital with a mortality rate of 1.85%. Conclusion: Snake bite is a life threatening emergency. The key to minimizing mortality and severe morbidity is aggressive management of the ABC`s of resuscitation, and timely and judicious administration of adequate dose of anti-venom.




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