Migraine and Tension-Type Headache in Children and Adolescents Presenting to Neurology Clinics


Azita Tavasoli 1 , * , Mehran Aghamohammadpoor 2 , Meygol Taghibeigi 3

How to Cite: Tavasoli A , Aghamohammadpoor M , Taghibeigi M . Migraine and Tension-Type Headache in Children and Adolescents Presenting to Neurology Clinics, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(5):536-540.


Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (5); 536-540
Published Online: July 31, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 18, 2013
Accepted: July 14, 2013


Objective: Headache is one of the most common neurologic problems in children and adolescents. Primary headache including migraine and tension-type headache comprises the vast majority of headaches and are associated with marked incidence, prevalence, and individual and social cost. We aimed to assess demographic characteristics and to compare some factors related to primary headaches in children/ adolescents presented to neurology clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Methods Children from 4 to 15 years of age with the diagnosis of primary headache (migraine or tension-type headaches) who presented to the neurology clinics affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran from March 2009 to October 2011 are included in this cross-sectional study. Data regarding the type of headache, history of atopy, peripartum asphyxia, and breast feeding, family history of headache and the socioeconomic status of the family were collected. The diagnosis was based on the international headache society diagnostic criteria for the primary headache disorders. Findings: One hundred ninety children (107 females) with primary headache (88 patients with migraine and 102 patients with tension type headache) enrolled in the study. Peripartum asphyxia, history of atopy, family history of headache and low socioeconomic status (SES) were more common in patients with migraine  (P-values: 0.007, 0.01, 0.001, 0.003;  respectively). Conclusion: Physicians need to extent their knowledge regarding the primary headaches. Peripartum asphyxia, history of atopy, headache in parents and low SES have been shown in the present study to be more prevalent in patients with migraine as compared to tension-type headache.




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