Interventional Electrophysiology in Children: A Single-Center Experience


Zahra Emkanjoo 1 , Pasha Mosaed 2 , Mohammad Dalili 3 , *

1 Department of Electrophysiology and Pacemaker, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pediatrics, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

3 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Emkanjoo Z, Mosaed P, Dalili M. Interventional Electrophysiology in Children: A Single-Center Experience, Iran J Pediatr. 2015 ; 22(3):333-338.


Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (3); 333-338
Published Online: September 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 08, 2011
Accepted: March 10, 2012


Objective: Ablation techniques of cardiac arrhythmia in children have significantly progressed in the past decade; however, the number of pediatric ablations is still significantly lower than that in adults. Accordingly, there is less information regarding the success rate and complications in this age group.
Methods: All pediatric ablations conducted between March 2005 and February 2011 at Rajaie Heart Center were studied. Abolishing the arrhythmia source by the end of procedure was considered as success. Recurrences before hospital discharge and those thereafter were named early recurrence and late recurrence, respectively.
Findings: A total of 125 catheter ablations were performed for 112 patients. Of them 118 (94.4%) procedures were successful. The success rate was significantly higher in the patients with atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). Of 105 patients who continued follow-up program, 7 (6.7%) cases experienced recurrence; the recurrence rate was inversely dependent on the patients’ body size (P-value <0.05). There was no mortality. Five cases were complicated during or early after the procedure, all the complications were cured completely.
Conclusion: Therapeutic electrophysiology in children is an effective and relatively low-risk method. The recurrence and complication rates are similar to those reported in adults. Considering our results and the previous reports, pediatric patients with serious arrhythmia should not be deprived from ablation and should not be exposed to long-term toxic drugs.




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