The Effect of Performing Preoperative Preparation Program on School Age Children's Anxiety


Soheila Shahmohammadi 1 , Roghieh Sadeghi 2 , Soheil Osia 3 , Abbas Hadipour 3 , Nazanin Vaezzadeh 1 , Susan Amirsalari 1 , *

1 Nasibeh Nursing And Midwifery School, Mazandaran University Of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

3 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Amirkola Hospital, Babol, Iran

How to Cite: Shahmohammadi S, Sadeghi R, Osia S, Hadipour A, Vaezzadeh N, et al. The Effect of Performing Preoperative Preparation Program on School Age Children's Anxiety, Iran J Pediatr. 2011 ; 21(4):461-466.


Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 21 (4); 461-466
Published Online: December 31, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 17, 2010
Accepted: April 08, 2011


Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of performing preoperative preparation program on children's anxiety.
Methods: This study was performed in Amirkola Pediatrics Hospital, Mazandaran. A randomized controlled trail was performed on 122 children (7-12 years of age) admitted for elective surgery during 15 months.  The researcher randomly assigned eligible participants in to the experimental and control groups, after pre-test baseline measurement had been taken. Analyzing was performed through independent t-test and χ2 test. P<0.005 was considered statistically significant. The experimental group received therapeutic play and the control group received routine preoperative information preparation.
Findings: The mean and standard deviation of the state anxiety scores of children in experimental and control groups before intervention were 35.52±6.99 and 34.98±6.78, after intervention 31.44±5.87 and 38.31±7.44 respectively. The state anxiety score was lower significantly in the experimental group prior to preoperative surgery than in the control group (P=0.000).
Conclusion: Performing preoperative program with using therapeutic play intervention is effective for preparing children before surgery and decreases their anxiety.




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