The Impact of Life Skills Training on Adolescents' Inclination to Risky Behaviors: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

AUTHORS

Elham Fallah ORCID 1 , Mehdi Birjandi ORCID 2 , Kobra Rashidi ORCID 3 , * , Mohammad Almasian ORCID 4

1 Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

3 Nursing Faculty of Boroujerd, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

4 School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

How to Cite: Fallah E, Birjandi M, Rashidi K, Almasian M. The Impact of Life Skills Training on Adolescents' Inclination to Risky Behaviors: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2021 ; In Press(In Press):e111264.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: In Press (In Press); e111264
Published Online: May 30, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 16, 2020
Revised: March 08, 2021
Accepted: April 14, 2021
Accepted Article scheduled for 15 (1)
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Abstract

Background: High-risk behaviors of adolescents and failure to correct their insights and attitudes can have many negative consequences.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of life skills training on adolescents' tendency to engage in high-risk behaviors.

Methods: The present study was a randomized controlled clinical trial, in which 100 high school students from both sexes were selected via the multistage cluster random sampling method and were divided into the intervention (n=50) and control (n=50) groups using the block randomization method with a block size of 4. Eight life skills training group discussion sessions of 45 minutes per week were held for the intervention groups for 2 months and a one-hour follow-up session was held 20 days after the end of the 8 sessions. The study instruments included a demographic questionnaire and the Iranian adolescents' risk-taking scale. After confirming the validity and reliability of the instruments and obtaining written informed consents of the participants, they were asked to fill out the questionnaires. Using SPSS 18, the data were analyzed by standard deviation for quantitative variables and percentage for qualitative data as well as chi-squared, the independent t-test, and repeated measures analysis of variance, the results being reported at a significance level of 0.05.

Results: The results showed that life skills training led to significant decreases in the mean scores of high-risk behaviors, including drug abuse, alcohol consumption, smoking, violence at different times in the intervention group in both sexes (p < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed in the control group.

Conclusions: The results showed that life skills training can reduce adolescents' tendency to engage in high-risk behaviors.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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