Iranian Common Attitude Toward Opium Consumption


Mehran Zarghami 1 , *

1 Department of Psychiatry School of Medicine Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, AND Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Ira

How to Cite: Zarghami M. Iranian Common Attitude Toward Opium Consumption, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2015 ; 9(2):e2074. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs2074.


Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 9 (2); e2074
Published Online: June 23, 2015
Article Type: Editorial
Received: January 8, 2015
Revised: April 28, 2015
Accepted: May 5, 2015


Iran is suffering from the 2nd most severe addiction to opioids in the world. While the explanation of this enormous drug problem is refutably related to drug trafficking, the drug dilemma also illustrates the chain reaction of the imposed war with Iraq in 1980 - 88; the problems of poverty, unemployment, urbanization, homelessness, adultery, family crises, divorce, domestic violence, and runaway children. Although opium addiction often linked to these factors, drug use is common among all social classes. It seems that a positive traditional attitude is another reason for widespread raw opium use in this country. A survey in Iranian literature reveals that famous Iranian poets, who have a substantial contribution on cultural attitude formation of Iranian population, have used the phrase “Teriac” (raw opium) as a means of “antidote” a substance that treats every disease. It seems that a concrete deduction from the literature has been leaden to a positive attitude towards opium consumption in Persian culture. Recent research also supports this idea. Many patients use raw opium as a pain killer or for treating hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes and other chronic diseases; most of them had started the use after developing the disease and the remaining had increased the consumption after developing the disease. Regarding this superstitious common belief, drug control headquarters should focus on education and correction of the faulty unhealthy attitude toward opium consumption.




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