The Relationship between Perfectionism and Academic Achievement, Depression and Anxiety

AUTHORS

Hamidreza Roohafza 1 , * , Hamid Afshar 2 , Masoumeh Sadeghi 2 , Bahram Soleymani 3 , Alireza Saadaty 4 , Mohammad Matinpour 5 , Ghorbanali Asadollahi 6

1 Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Mental Health Department, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Biostatistics and Epidemiology Department, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Social Services & Health Care System, State Welfare Organization, Iran

5 COX Institute of Research and Development in Biomedical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

6 Department of psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Roohafza H, Afshar H, Sadeghi M, Soleymani B, Saadaty A, et al. The Relationship between Perfectionism and Academic Achievement, Depression and Anxiety, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2010 ; 4(2):31-6. doi: 31-6.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 4 (2); 31-6
Published Online: December 31, 2010
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 09, 2009
Accepted: July 14, 2010
DOI : 31-6
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Abstract

Objective: In Iran few studies have investigated the association among the dimensions of perfectionism with the academic achievement and other psychopathologies, such as depression and anxiety. This study has investigated these relationships in an Iranian school-age sample.

Methods: Using multistage cluster random sampling, 793 students completed the questionnaire anonymously in the classroom in 2007. The positive and negative perfectionism scale, the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale, the Children’s Depression Inventory, and term point average (academic achievement) were assessed. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions, using SPSS.

Results: Negative and positive perfectionisms were found to be positive and negative predictors, respectively, for depression (p<0.001) and anxiety (p<0.001) and conversely, negative and positive predictors for academic achievement, respectively (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Distinguishing positive and negative aspects of perfectionism is important in understanding the implications of perfectionism on academic achievement. Our findings indicate that although we must take care of unhealthy and neurotic consequences of negative perfectionism, such as depression and anxiety, which may have negative effects on academic achievement, but positive striving for perfection can help the students to improve their academic achievement.

Declaration of interest: None.

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  • © 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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