Cigarette Smoking among Iranian University Students: Reasons and Attitudes


Manzume Shamsi Meymandi Pharm 1 , * , Nouzar Nakhaee 2 , Kouros Divsalar 2 , Gioia Heravi 3

1 Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Jahad Blvd., EbneSina St, Kerman, Iran

2 Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman, Iran

3 Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

How to Cite: Pharm M S M, Nakhaee N , Divsalar K, Heravi G. Cigarette Smoking among Iranian University Students: Reasons and Attitudes, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2010 ; 4(2):37-41.


Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 4 (2); 37-41
Published Online: December 31, 2010
Article Type: Original Article
Received: December 27, 2009
Accepted: August 07, 2010


Objective: According to the fact that university students are role models for the whole society, this study was performed to evaluate reasons of and attitudes toward cigarette smoking among Iranian university students.

Methods: This study was performed as a cross-sectional self-reported questionnaire based study among university students of Kerman city of Iran. Our questionnaire was attributed to 1750 university students who were selected randomly. Current smoking was defined as using cigarette within the last 30 days. Participants’ demographic data in addition to their reasons for and attitudes toward smoking were obtained. Frequency, distribution and factor analysis of attitude items followed by a varimax rotation was used to evaluate the attitudinal statements.

Results: From 1750 university students, who filled our questionnaire, 31% were ever smokers (51% males and 15% females) and 11% were current smokers (21.5% males and 2% females). Avoiding depression and taking pleasure were the reasons mentioned as important reasons the most frequently. Besides, the most frequently attitudinal statements were as follows:” My parents upset knowing my habit” and “Cigarette causes disease”. Furthermore, the mean score of encouraging attitudes was significantly higher among males, current smokers and those with a tendency toward cigarette smoking.

Conclusion: This study confirmed that addressing attitudes toward smoking while developing preventive strategies against it among university students is an obvious necessity.


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