Effectiveness of EEG-Biofeedback on Attentiveness, Working Memory and Quantitative Electroencephalography on Reading Disorder

AUTHORS

Elnaz Mosanezhad-Jeddi 1 , * , Mohammad Ali Nazari 2

1 Department of Psychology, The University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. Address: 29 Bahman St., Department of Psychology, The University of Tabriz, postal code: 5166616471., Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, The University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

How to Cite: Mosanezhad-Jeddi E, Nazari M A. Effectiveness of EEG-Biofeedback on Attentiveness, Working Memory and Quantitative Electroencephalography on Reading Disorder, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2013 ; 7(2):35-43.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 7 (2); 35-43
Published Online: December 30, 2013
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 01, 2012
Revised: August 16, 2011
Accepted: March 19, 2013
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Abstract

Objective: Cognitive factors are the important correlates of reading disorder and their impairments are established in children with reading disorder. Neurofeedback as an intervention has been reported to be useful in improvement of cognitive deficits. The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of this treatment on attentiveness and working memory and related electroencephalographic (EEG) changes in children with reading disorder.

Methods: In this single subject study, six children with reading disorder aged 8-10 years old completed twenty 30-minunt sessions of treatment. Continuous performance task, the digit span subscale of the 3rd edition of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III) and quantitative electroencephalography were used to evaluate the changes at pre and post-treatment. The data were evaluated by visual inspection of the graph, the mean percentage improvement and signal detection measures.

Results: The results showed improvements in attention and working memory. Furthermore, EEG analysis did not show notable changes in the power of the targeted bands (delta, theta, and beta), rather the normalization of coherence was explicit in theta band at T3-T4, delta band at Cz-Fz, beta band at Cz-Fz, Cz-Pz and Cz-C4.

Conclusions: These significant changes in coherence are possible indications of the connectivity between frontal and posterior association and integration between sensory and motor areas that explain the improvements in attention and working memory.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Mosanezhad-Jeddi E, Nazari MA. Effectiveness of EEG-biofeedback on attentiveness, working memory and quantitative electroencephalography on reading disorder. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2013; 7(2): 35-43.

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