Prevalence and Predictors of Depression in People living with HIV/AIDS Attending an Outpatient Clinic in Nigeria


Adetunji Obadeji 1 , * , Adegboyega O. Ogunlesi 2 , Timothy O. Adebowale 2

1 Department of Psychiatry, University Teaching Hospital, PMB 5535, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

2 Department of Clinical Services, Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Nigeria

How to Cite: Obadeji A, O. Ogunlesi A, O. Adebowale T. Prevalence and Predictors of Depression in People living with HIV/AIDS Attending an Outpatient Clinic in Nigeria, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(1):26-31.


Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (1); 26-31
Published Online: March 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 22, 2011
Revised: March 23, 2013
Accepted: January 14, 2014


Objective: Studies have identified high prevalence of depression among people living with HIV/AIDS, but only few studies have looked into this association in this environment. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of major depressive disorder, associated socio-demographic and psychosocial variables in people living with HIV/AIDS attending an out-patient clinic at the Olabisi Onabanjo Teaching Hospital (OOUTH), Sagamu, Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on one-hundred and thirty subjects living with HIV/AIDS attending out-patient clinic at the OOUTH, Sagamu. They were assessed with a socio-demographic questionnaire designed by the researchers, and they also had a clinical interview with the depression module of the Structured Clinical Interview Schedule for Axis 1 DSM-IV disorders (SCID). The diagnosis was made according to the DSM- IV criteria and severity assessed with the Hamilton Rating Scale for depression.

Results: The prevalence of depression was 23.1% and was higher than figures reported in the general population studies in Nigeria. Of this proportion 46.7%, 50%, 3.3% were mildly, moderately and severely depressed. Majority (40%) were within the 30-39 years range. Women accounted for 69.2% of the study population and 46.9% of the subjects were either divorced/separated or widowed. Depression was significantly associated with being female and having suicidal thoughts or attempt. There was no association between marital status, disclosure of status and duration of HIV diagnosis.

Conclusion: The prevalence of depression is high among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. An appropriate mental health intervention programme would be necessary as part of national programme for people living with HIV/AIDS to reduce the negative impact of depression on them.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Obadeji A, Ogunlesi AO, Adebowale TO. Prevalence and predictors of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS attending an outpatient clinic in Nigeria. Iran Psychiatry Behave Sci 2014; 8(1): 26-31


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