The Relationship between Religious Orientation, and Gender with a Cognitive Distortion


Leili Amirsardari 1 , * , Shafie Azari 2 , Ahmad Esmali Kooraneh 3

1 Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, West Azarbayjan, Iran

2 Department Of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Humanistic Science, School of literature, Maragheh University, Maragheh, Iran

How to Cite: Amirsardari L, Azari S, Esmali Kooraneh A. The Relationship between Religious Orientation, and Gender with a Cognitive Distortion, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(3):84-9.


Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (3); 84-9
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: February 13, 2014
Revised: June 05, 2014
Accepted: August 13, 2014


Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between religious orientation (intrinsic–external) and cognitive distortions.

Methods: General design of this study considered as a descriptive and correlational method. Universal population in this research consist all students of the Urmia Azad University, which were studying during 2012 and 2013 (n = 250). All respondents filled the Alports religious and cognitive distortions questionnaires. The answers were analyzed with step by step regression and correlation method. Results: The research showed a significant relationship between the religious orientation and cognitive distortions (p < 0.005) (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The results suggest that religious orientation is an important factor in cognitive distortions and individuals with intrinsic religious orientation have less cognitive distortion.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Amirsardari L, Azari S, Esmali Kooraneh A. The relationship between religious orientation, and gender with a cognitive distortion. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(3): 84-9.


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