Comparing the Facial Emotion Recognition in Opioid Antecedent Subjects and Mixed Opioid-Methamphetamine Antecedent Subjects Under Methadone Maintenance Therapy with Control Group-a Retrospective Cohort Study

AUTHORS

Kamaledin Alaedini 1 , * , Maryam Farahmandfar 1 , Maryam Sefidgarnia ORCID 2 , Parisa Islami Parkoohi ORCID 3 , Sepideh Jafari 4

1 Department of Neuroscience and Addiction Studies, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute AND Department of Psychiatry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

3 Vice Chancellery for Research and Technology, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

4 Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

How to Cite: Alaedini K, Farahmandfar M, Sefidgarnia M, Islami Parkoohi P, Jafari S. Comparing the Facial Emotion Recognition in Opioid Antecedent Subjects and Mixed Opioid-Methamphetamine Antecedent Subjects Under Methadone Maintenance Therapy with Control Group-a Retrospective Cohort Study, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2021 ; In Press(In Press):e95679.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: In Press (In Press); e95679
Published Online: May 25, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 09, 2020
Revised: March 04, 2021
Accepted: April 03, 2021
Accepted Article scheduled for 15 (1)
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Abstract

Background: Facial emotion recognition (FER) is an important social skill. Some studies have determined the capability of FER in substance abusers, but their results are contradictory.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate FER ability in opioid antecedent subjects and mixed opioid-methamphetamine antecedent subjects under methadone maintenance therapy compared to a control group.

Method: Following a retrospective cohort design, 71 methadone-maintained subjects (MMS) (40 individuals with a history of only opioid use disorder and 31 patients with a history of both opioid and methamphetamine use disorder) and 40 healthy participants filled the Persian version of Ackman and Friesen facial emotion experiment, which were matched based on age, education, and gender. Demographic and substance use characteristics were evaluated. Both groups were similar concerning the duration of the opioid use disorder, methadone maintenance treatment, and currently prescribed methadone dose. Data were analyzed using the Chi-square, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Welch test. Statistical significance was considered when P-value<0.05.

Results: Total FER scores were significantly lower in MMS compared to the control group. Concerning the subgroups, recognition of sadness was impaired in patients with a history of opioid use disorder (with and without a history of methamphetamine use disorder), while in recognition of anger and wonder, patients with both opioid and methamphetamine use disorder history had  a significantly lower performance. There was no other significant difference between the groups.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that social cognition deficit should be considered in strategies related to the addiction (both treatment and rehabilitation).

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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