Women’s Preferences of Method of Delivery and Influencing Factors


Sema Yilmaz 1 , * , meltem DEMIRGOZ BAL 2 , Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji 3 , Seyfettin Uludag 4

1 Department of Midwifery, Health Sciences Faculty of Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

2 Department of Gynecologic and Obstetrics Nursing, Health College of Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey

3 Department of Gynecologic and Obstetrics Nursing, Florence Nightingale Nursing Faculty of Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpasa Medical School of Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

How to Cite: Yilmaz S, DEMIRGOZ BAL M, Kizilkaya Beji N, Uludag S. Women’s Preferences of Method of Delivery and Influencing Factors, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013 ; 15(8):e95981. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.11532.


Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (8); e95981
Published Online: August 05, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 03, 2019
Accepted: June 22, 2013


Background: Currently, the rate of caesarean section has been substantially increased in developing and developed countries. To determine the factors causing such an increase, it is important to determine reasons for women to refuse vaginal delivery and preferring caesarean section.

Objectives: To determine Turkish women’s attitudes and basal knowledge regarding vaginal delivery and caesarean section, as well as factors causing women to prefer caesarean section even when a medical indication does not exist.

Patients and Methods: This descriptive study consisted of 840 women, completing the questionnaire developed by the researchers.

Results: Mean age rate of participants was 39.8 ± 11.8 years. The most significant reasons of vaginal delivery preferred by participants (n = 685) were determined to be healthy and swift recovery period after delivery, whereas those preferred by participants (n=155) for caesarean section were being safer for babies, easier than vaginal delivery and a less painful method. Higher educational status, pregnancy after infertility treatment and undergoing caesarean section for the last delivery were determined to be among important factors affecting to choose caesarean section.

Conclusions: Information gained misleadingly and fears related to vaginal delivery were seen as factors affecting women’s preferences for delivery. Thus, midwives are required to train both pregnant women during antenatal care and all women in society about methods of delivery and to give effective counseling.

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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