Right Anterior Minithoracotomy vs. Conventional Median Sternotomy in Surgical Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect Closure: Assessment of Clinical Outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life

AUTHORS

Amir Mirmohammadsadeghi ORCID 1 , * , Bahare Firouzbakht ORCID 2 , Mohsen Mirmohammadsadeghi ORCID 1

1 Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Isfahan, IR Iran

2 Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Mirmohammadsadeghi A, Firouzbakht B, Mirmohammadsadeghi M. Right Anterior Minithoracotomy vs. Conventional Median Sternotomy in Surgical Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect Closure: Assessment of Clinical Outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life, Int Cardio Res J. 2020 ; 14(3):e103527.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 14 (3); e103527
Published Online: September 01, 2020
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 07, 2020
Accepted: June 28, 2020
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Abstract

Background: Ostium secundum Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is one of the most common
congenital heart diseases. Right Anterior Minithoracotomy (RAMT) is a promising
technique for surgical closure of ASD.
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the safety of minimally invasive RAMT with
peripheral cannulation and compare it to full median sternotomy (Conventional Median
Sternotomy, CMS) regarding clinical outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life
(HRQOL) in surgical ostium secundum ASD closure.
Methods: In this quantitative, cross-sectional study, all clinical records of 51 patients (30
RAMT and 21 CMS) who underwent ASDII closure between March 2016 and November
2019 were collected. The patients’ HRQOL was evaluated using a Short Form-12 (SF-
12) questionnaire. The two groups’ clinical outcomes and HRQOL were compared using
IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 23.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).
Results: This study was conducted on 30 patients (23 females and 7 males) with RAMT
and 21 patients (10 females and 11 males) with CMS ASD closure. The two groups were
similar with respect to age, left ventricular ejection fraction, preoperative hemoglobin
(Hb), family status, level of education, and employment status. However, operation
length, Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB) time, and mean aortic cross clamp time were
significantly lower in the CMS group (P < 0.001). The mean amount of chest tube drainage
in the first 24 hours after surgery was 148.27 ± 122.82 mL in the RAMT group and 217.50
± 134.04 mL in the CMS group (P = 0.02). The results showed no significant difference
between males and females regarding the mean CMS and total score of HRQOL. Yet, the
mean score of PCS was significantly better in the female patients in the RAMT group (P
= 0.03).
Conclusions: Despite the longer operation and cardiopulmonary bypass time, RAMT
procedure was associated with similar mortality and lower postoperative bleeding.
Moreover, female patients in the RAMT group showed better physical component of
HRQOL.

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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